Alternative name(s): Sloveens (nl), slovenšcina (sl), slovenska (sv)

Language family: Indo-European

Language group: Slavic

Geographical use: Slovenia, Austria (Karnten) and Italy

Information: There are around 2 million speakers.

Slovenian uses the Roman alphabet, completed with diacritical signs on three letters: c, š, _ that are pronounced as tsj, sj and zj.

The oldest surviving Slovenian text dates back to the year 1000. Slovenian has six cases (nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, instrumental and locative – these last two are only used with prepositions). The vocative has disappeared. Nouns, pronouns, adjectives and verbs all have a distinction between male and female in the plural (eg. "bova delali v Ljubljani": "both of us (female) will work in Ljubljana "). There is also a neutral form.

Besides Sorbic, Slovenian is the only language that still has dual. So in Slovenian people distinguish 1 thing - singular, 2 things - dual, 3 or more things - plural.

In the past centuries the verb conjugation has been simplified. There are 7 to 8 major dialects and about 50 small dialects.