Alternative name(s): Sloveens (nl), slovenšcina (sl), slovenska (sv)
Language family: Indo-European
Language group: Slavic
Geographical use: Slovenia, Austria (Karnten) and Italy
Information: There are around 2 million speakers.
Slovenian uses the Roman alphabet, completed with diacritical signs on three letters: c, , _ that are pronounced as tsj, sj and zj.
The oldest surviving Slovenian text dates back to the year 1000. Slovenian has six cases (nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, instrumental and locative these last two are only used with prepositions). The vocative has disappeared. Nouns, pronouns, adjectives and verbs all have a distinction between male and female in the plural (eg. "bova delali v Ljubljani": "both of us (female) will work in Ljubljana "). There is also a neutral form.
Besides Sorbic, Slovenian is
the only language that still has dual. So in Slovenian people distinguish
1 thing - singular, 2 things - dual, 3 or more things - plural.
In the past centuries the verb conjugation has been simplified. There are 7 to 8 major dialects and about 50 small dialects.