Scottish Gaelic

Alternative name(s): skotsk-gaeliska (sv)

Language family: Indo-European

Language Group: Celtic

Geographical use: Scotland and Nova Scotia

Information: This Scottish Gaelic was brought to Scotland in the 5th century by conquerors and replaced and older British language. It had almost no differences with Irish, but in the subsequent centuries it borrowed words from Norwegian and English so that by the 15th century it could be regarded as a separate language. The alphabet, however, remained the same as the Irish.

Scottish Gaelic has four cases: nominative, genitive, dative and vocative. Just as in Irish, the stress is on the first syllable. The language has two dialects, a northern and a southern.