Alternative name(s): Gaelic, Iers (nl), iriska (sv)

Language family: Indo-European

Language Group: Celtic

Geographical use: Ireland (esp. in the west)

Information: There are between 30 and 100 thousand speakers.

Irish is the oldest Gaelic language of the Celtic languages. The first written sources date back to the 5th to 8th century. Irish history can be divided into 4 roughly defined periods: Old Irish (800-1000), Middle Irish (1000-1200), Early Modern Irish (1200-1600) and Modern Irish (from 1600). Originally Irish had a lot of cases. Two of them are now left: nominative and genitive.