Language family: Eskimo-Aleut

Geographical use: Alaska, North Canada and Greenland

Information: Inuit is a collective name for various eskimo languages. The eastern branch, called Inupiaq, extend from east Alaska over Canada to Greenland. It consists of a number of dialects. Speakers of nearby dialects can understand one another, but this is not the case for dialect speakers who live further away from each other. The western branch, called Yupik, consists of three different languages: Central Alaska Yupik, Pacific Gulf Yupik and Siberian Yupik. Every language has a number of dialects.

Inuit is a very complex language: basis word get suffixes to get different meanings, sometimes completely different sentences. It was virtually impossible for explorers to learn this language/these languages.