Alternative name(s): Dimotiki, Griechisch (de), greco (es), grèc (fr), Grieks (nl), grekiska (sv)
Language family: Indo-European
Language Group: Greek
Geographical use: Greece, on Cyprus and in Albania
Information: Modern Greek proceeded from ordinary Koine (cfr. Ancient Greek). Yet, there was no standard language in the 19th century. The spoken language needed to be systemized. Koine became Demotikí or demotic Greek and was the standard language of the Greek. Purists did not agree to this and made their own language, Katharevousa -an artificial language based on Ancient Greek and totally different from the daily spoken language. This Katharevousa was involuntarily recognized as the official language, but was eventually replaced by demotic Greek in 1976.
The main differences between Modern Greek and Ancient Greek can be found in the conjugations and declensions. As far as vocabulary is concerned, Modern Greek has borrowed many words from Italian, Turkish and French. Purists on the other hand do not borrow any new words and try to express new things by merging old Greek expressions. This way they try to keep the Ancient Greek forms and expressions.