Language family: Indo-European

Language Group: Germanic

Geographical use: South Europe

Information: Extinct language. Gothic was spoken by the Ostrogoths from the old Germany and Italy, and by the Visigoths of East Europe and Spain. Between the 7th and 9th centuries it was replaced by other Germanic and Romance languages, but it maintained its position for a longer period in the Krim area. In the 16th century a Flemish diplomat collected a few words and sentences of the Krim Goths and demonstrated that their language was still a form of Gothic. Apart from some Norwegian inscriptions, the written Gothic remains are the oldest of all Germanic languages. That makes them extremely valuable for the study of this language group.

Most of what we know about Gothic can be found in the Gothic translation of the Bible by the Gothic bishop Ulfilas in the 4th century. The Gothic alphabet, created by Ulfilas, consisted of 27 characters: 25 modified Greek symbols and 2 rune signs.