Finnish

Alternative name(s): Fins (nl), finska (sf)

Language family: Uralic

Language Group: Finnish-Ugrian

Geographical use: Finland, Sweden and parts of Russia

Information: In 1809 Finnish became the official language of Finland and the Republic of Karelia. It is closely related to Estonian, and to a lesser degree also to Lapp and Hungarian.

The first written sources date back to the 16th century, when the New Testament was translated into Finnish.
Finnish is characterized by a harmonious vowel system. The vowels spoken in front (, and y) can never occur in the same word as vowels spoken in the back (a, o and u). Finnish has 15 cases.

 

 

Finlandssvenska

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