Coptic

Language family: Afro-Asian

Language Group: Egyptian

Geographical use: Egypt and Lydia

Information: Extinct language. Coptic still exists as liturgical language of the coptic christians. It was really spoken until the beginning of the 19th century.

Coptic is a corollary of Egyptian, with a strong influence of Greek and various Semitic languages. It first arose together with Demotic Egyptian but stayed longer. By the third century Coptic was used in christian literature, but also non-christian writers such as Plato used the language. Coptic was written with the Greek alphabet. Seven letters of Demotic Egyptian were added to it. Between the 8th and 14th century, Coptic was mostly replaced by Arabic. It continued to exist as the liturgical language of the coptic christians.

There are five Coptic dialects: Sahidic, Bohairic, Fayumitic, Achmic and sub-Achmimic.

 

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