Alternative name(s): bulgare (fr), Bulgaars (nl), bulgariska (sv)

Language family: Indo-European

Language Group: Slavic

Geographical use: Bulgaria, Romania and the south of Bessarabia (Ukraine)

Information: We can divide the history of Bulgarian in three periods. Old Bulgarian was spoken between the 9th and 11th century. This language is assumed to correspond to the earliest form of Old Church Slavic. Middle Bulgarian was used from the 12th till the 16th century. Modern Bulgarian started in the 16th century. In that era Bulgarian got loan words from Russian, Church Slavic, Greek, and Turkish. There are two main dialect groups: the east, which was the basis of the literary language, and the west. Bulgarian is written in the cyrillic alphabet.