Alternative name(s): Bretoens (nl), bretonska (sv)
Language family: Indo-European
Language Group: Celtic
Geographical use: Bretagne (Brittanny)
Information: Breton developed between the 4th and 6th century among the Welsh and Cornish refugees who settled in Bretagne. It distinguishes itself from Welsh and Cornish by the use of nasal sounds and French loan words. Breton knew a substantial growth in the middle of the 17th century when a grammar was established and various ballades were created in Breton. Breton became a subject at school in the 1950s. There were an estimated 1 million speakers in the 1940s, but that number should now have dropped by at least half.