Bashkir

Alternative name(s): Baskirisch (nl), bachkire (fr)

Language family: Altaic

Language Group: Turkotatar

Geographical use: Republic of Bashkortostan, Tatarstan, Orenburg, Chelyabinsk, Samara, Kurgan and Sverdlovsk regions

Information: There are around 1 million speakers. Until the beginning of the 20th century the Bashkirs used a local variety of the Central Asian Turkic written language and later adopted the Tatar literary language. The Bashkir literary language was created after 1917. Arabic script was used until 1928. In 1929 the literary language was switched into the Latin and in 1939 into the Cyrillic script.
Even though there are a million speakers, the language is in danger. There is a strong Tatar and Russian influence. Even though many children learn the language, they do not necessarily become active users of the language.

 

Bariba

Basic English