Ugarit was the name of a small city in northern Syria. The city was discovered around seventy years ago. There tablets were found with a yet totally unknown language. Although it deals with a cuneiform script, with other words similar to those of Mesopotamian tablets, it was quickly understood that it dealt with an alphabetic and not a syllabic script. It has 30 letters and was (apart from some exceptions) written from left to right. The language written with this script was Ugaritic. Despite its unusual perfection, the script was not widely spread. Its success was confined to the Syrian-Palestinian area and it disappeared around the 12th century BC. Most likely the alphabetic script of Ugarit preceded the invention of the Fenician script by at least two centuries.