This script was originally pictographic, and later turned ideographic, and was used in old Egypt from 3000 BC to 400 AD. It consisted of more than 600 characters. In its later forms, it also consisted of syllable signs and alphabetical characters. It was especially used for religeous purposes. Next to the hieroglyphs other hieratic and demotic forms arose, of which especially the latter type was more phonetically oriented. Exceptionally many writings survived in form of inscriptions in monuments and temples, wall paintings and hand writing (papyrus). The hieroglyphs were deciphered by Jean-François Champollion (1790-1832). The term hieroglyphs is also used to denote pictographic scripts. This way we speak about the Hittitic hieroglyphs.