Hebrew originated from Fenician and developed parallel with Aramese. It is nothing more than a variant of Aramese. The modern Hebrew alphabet uses, apart from a few modifications, the 22 consonants of the Aramese alphabet. There are no vowels and it is written from right to left. As from the 8th century it was tried to solve this by inventing a system that would allow vowels to be written down as small dots and lines above and under the characters. But this system is limited to schoolbooks and is not used for newspapers or general writing.